Shoulder surgeryis a procedure that is performed to correct a wide range of conditions that affect the shoulder joint. Some of the most common conditions that require shoulder surgery include:
Rotator cuff tears: A tear in the tendons or muscles that surround the shoulder joint and help to lift and rotate the arm.
Arthritis: A degenerative condition that causes inflammation and damage to the cartilage in the shoulder joint.
Fractures: A break in the bones of the shoulder joint.
Tendinitis: An inflammation of the tendons that attach the muscles to the bones in the shoulder joint.
Bursitis: An inflammation of the fluid-filled sacs that cushion the shoulder joint.
Frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis): A condition in which the shoulder becomes stiff and difficult to move.
Instability: A condition in which the upper arm bone (humerus) is not properly seated in the shoulder blade (scapula), causing the shoulder to feel loose or unstable.
The type of surgery that is required will depend on the specific condition being treated. Surgery options include:
Arthroscopy: A minimally invasive procedure that uses a small camera and tiny instruments to repair or remove damaged tissue in the shoulder joint.
Open surgery: A procedure that involves making a larger incision to repair or remove damaged tissue in the shoulder joint.
Joint replacement surgery: A procedure that involves removing the damaged joint and replacing it with an artificial joint.
Fracture repair: A procedure that involves setting and stabilizing the broken bone with pins, screws, or plates.
Recovery time after shoulder surgery will vary depending on the type of procedure performed. Physical therapy will be needed to regain strength and range of motion in the shoulder. It may take several months for the patient to fully recover and be able to return to normal activities.
Overall, shoulder surgery can be a very effective treatment option for those who suffer from severe shoulder pain, limited range of motion, or decreased function due to a variety of conditions. However, it's important to note that not all patients are candidates for surgery and that a thorough evaluation by an orthopedic surgeon is necessary to determine the best course of treatment for each individual patient.